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About Wodzisław Śl

Wodzisław Śląski

Wodzisław Śląski is a town in Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland with 49 406 inhabitants (Dec 2008). It is the seat of Wodzisław County (now in Silesian Voivodeship) about 290 km south of Warsaw and about 100 km west of Kraków, on the southern outskirts of the metropolitan area known as the Upper Silesian, near Czech border.

The city's name derives from the Polish prince Władysław Opolski. He located city and funded in Wodzisław monastery in 1257 year. In the 15th century, the Hussites devastated the city. From 1526, Bohemia, including the fiefdom of Silesia, which Wodzisław was a part of, came under the authority of the Habsburg crown. In century XVI and XVII also time Thirty Years' War Wodzisław been part of Habsburg Empire. After the end of the Thirty Years' War Wodzisław was destroyed. Never back to Middle Ages' "golden time". Wodzislaw was annexed by Prussia in 1740, which Austria eventually recognized in 1763. Coal mining gained importance for Wodzisław's economy as early as the 19th century. After the end of World War I in 1918, Polish statehood was finally restored. The city and the largest part of the district of Rybnik were attached to the territory of the Second Polish Republic; Wodzisław thus became part of a Polish state for the first time since 1526.

In March 1945 the Soviet army arrived near Wodzisław. 80% of the town was destroyed in the World War II. From 26 March 1945 Wodzisław was once more integrated into Poland.

Wodzisław is situated at the junction of several major lines of road, railway and air communication. Thanks to its proximity to the A1 motorway, the town will be very well connected to three the international airport at Katowice - Pyrzowice (about 70 km from Wodzisław), Kraków - Balice ( about 100 km from Wodzisław) and Ostrava - Mosnov (about 40 km from Wodzisław).

Wodzisław is a medium coal and industrial centre. Near Wodzisław is a few coal mining factories.


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